Survival First Aid Tips
Survival first aid is a serious topic and one you should always prepare for. In the woods, you become prone to all kinds of infectious diseases, insect bites, poisonous snakes and spiders as well as injuries like wounds, burns, blunt force trauma and broken bones.
Without the proper skills, training and tools for survival first aid you may find yourself unsuccessfully holding on to dear life. The lives of your companions may also be at stake not only if you are compromised but if they also suffer injuries and illnesses no one in your group knows how to handle.
Arm yourself with enough prudence and diligence before venturing into the wilderness, as it is important that you keep yourself in the peak of health beforehand.
Appropriate clothing, cleanliness and a good diet lower the risk of harmful situations, yet you still need basic medical skills.
Do not forget to wash your hands before handling food and to take a bath regularly, as you can make improvised soap with animal fat and ashes or boiling the inner bark of a pine tree.
Pack extra clothing and footwear before setting out.
If an accident does occur, you can look to the following guidelines and tips for survival first aid:
1) Remain calm and encourage calmness in others and your patient.
– Accidents can turn fatal if you or your companions start to panic. If you appear calm enough to provide efficient first aid, your patient will regain the will to push through even if his injuries are life-threatening.
2) Keep the patient lying down flat and warm.
– Take his temperature and assure proper blood flow with him lying down comfortably. However, be sure not to move him around until you have discovered the extent of his injuries as broken bones can get worse if mishandled.
3) If the person is not breathing, apply mouth-to-mouth respiration.
– You could be the lifeline to a person deprived of breath if you have CPR training. Make sure you have practiced the proper procedure as others may depend on you with and for their lives.
4) Stop any bleeding.
– Wounds and cuts are prone to infection and blood loss. Close open wounds by cleaning then clotting them with clean cloth then wrap with gauze. Quick-clot efficiently stops large cuts from leaking out too quickly.
5) Watch carefully for signs of shock and keep reassuring the patient.
– Panic attacks can set in as a patient fights for dear life, and may go into shock. Be stable enough to assure him that everything will be alright, no matter what his condition is.
6) Check for breaks, fractures and cuts along the head, neck or spine.
– Injuries along these areas can impair the nervous system and render your patient immobile if not treated promptly. Assess the source of the injury and apply appropriate treatment like casts and painkillers.
7) Create space between crowds and the patient.
– Onlookers may crowd around and deprive your patient of oxygen and you may not have space to move around and do first aid. Keep a distance of three feet or so between the crowd and your patient.
8) Never remove clothing unless you really need to.
– Clothing can provide warmth and protection to an injured person. It should be removed only when it affects the injury with dirt, difficulty breathing and other contaminants.
9) Make the right judgment call to move your patient to a medical facility or makeshift shelter.
– You may be pressed for time to give your patient expert medical care as his wounds may be fatal, but then again you could be a mile away from civilization.
A shelter can still provide for warmth and protection for as long as your skills can keep the patient alive. If you do decide to move him around, have a makeshift movable bed that can be carried securely at each end.
Wits and common sense are crucial to dealing with random first aid scenarios. Beyond skill and knowledge, the right mindset is appropriate as you struggle through stress and anxiety to assist your companions in matters of life and death. If you can manage it, you become the indispensable lifesaver and you can go to sleep at night better, even if the wilderness is dark and hostile.
Next we look at What To Put In Your Survival Kit